Milialar: A Comprehensive Guide to Their Causes, Treatment and Prevention

Milialar: A Comprehensive Guide to Their Causes, Treatment and Prevention

Milialar, those tiny white or yellowish bumps that often appear on the skin, may seem harmless, but they can be a source of frustration and self-consciousness for many. In this comprehensive guide, we will delve into what Milialar is, what causes it, how to treat it, and most importantly, how to prevent it. Whether you’ve just noticed these tiny bumps on your skin or have been dealing with them for a while, this article will provide you with the information you need to tackle Milialar effectively.

What is Milialar?

Milialar, commonly referred to as “milk spots,” are small, dome-shaped bumps that can appear on various parts of the face, including the cheeks, nose, eyelids, and around the eyes. These benign cysts are typically white or yellowish in color and can be anywhere from 1-2 millimeters in size.

Types of Milialar

Primary Milialar: These are the most common type of Milialar and are often found in infants. Primary Milialar occur when dead skin cells become trapped in sweat ducts.

Secondary Milialar: These form as a result of trauma to the skin, such as burns, blisters, or excessive sun exposure. Secondary Milialar can also occur after using certain skincare products.

Neonatal Milialar: These tiny white bumps are commonly seen in newborns and typically disappear on their own within a few weeks.

Milialar en Plaque: This rare form of Milialar appears as a cluster of Milialar on an inflamed, raised patch of skin.

What Causes Milialar?

Understanding the causes of Milialar is crucial in preventing and treating them effectively. Here are some common factors contributing to Milialar:

  1. Clogged Sweat Ducts: One of the primary causes of Milialar is the blockage of sweat ducts. When dead skin cells and sebum (skin oil) become trapped in these ducts, it can lead to the formation of Milialar.
  2. Use of Heavy Skincare Products: Applying heavy or oily skincare products, especially around the eye area, can clog pores and increase the likelihood of developing Milialar.
  3. Sun Damage: Excessive sun exposure can lead to skin damage, which may result in secondary Milialar.
  4. Harsh Exfoliation: Over-exfoliating the skin with abrasive scrubs or chemical exfoliants can disrupt the natural shedding of dead skin cells and contribute to Milialar formation.
  5. Genetics: Some individuals may be genetically predisposed to developing Milialar.

Treatment Options for Milialar

While Milialar often resolve on their own, some people may prefer to expedite the process or remove them for cosmetic reasons. Here are several treatment options to consider:

  1. Extraction by a Dermatologist: A dermatologist can safely and effectively extract Milialar using specialized tools. Attempting to pop or extract Milialar at home is not recommended, as it can lead to scarring or infection.
  2. Topical Retinoids: Some prescription-strength topical retinoid creams, such as tretinoin, can help accelerate the shedding of dead skin cells, preventing Milialar from forming.
  3. Chemical Peels: Dermatologists may recommend chemical peels to exfoliate the skin and encourage the removal of Milialar.
  4. Microdermabrasion: This non-invasive procedure involves exfoliating the top layer of skin, which can help remove Milialar.
  5. Cryotherapy: In some cases, liquid nitrogen may be used to freeze and remove stubborn Milialar.

Preventing Milialar

Preventing Milialar is often easier than treating them once they appear. Here are some tips to help you reduce your risk of developing Milialar:

  1. Choose Non-comedogenic Products: Opt for skincare and cosmetic products labeled as non-comedogenic, meaning they are less likely to clog pores.
  2. Gentle Exfoliation: Avoid harsh scrubbing and opt for gentle exfoliation methods, such as chemical exfoliants with alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs) or beta hydroxy acids (BHAs).
  3. Sun Protection: Use sunscreen daily to protect your skin from sun damage, which can lead to secondary Milialar.
  4. Proper Cleansing: Ensure you cleanse your face thoroughly to remove makeup, dirt, and excess oil that can contribute to Milialar.
  5. Seek Professional Advice: If you’re concerned about Milialar or want guidance on skincare, consult a dermatologist who can assess your skin and provide personalized recommendations.


Milialar can be a cosmetic concern, but with the right knowledge and approach, you can effectively manage and prevent them. Understanding the causes of Milialar, seeking appropriate treatment from a dermatologist when necessary, and adopting a gentle skincare routine can help you achieve clear and healthy skin. Remember that everyone’s skin is unique, so what works best for you may require some trial and error. Be patient and consistent, and your skin will thank you for it.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) on Milialar

  1. What is Milialar?

Milialar are small, benign cysts that appear as tiny white or yellowish bumps on the skin. They often occur on the face, particularly around the eyes, cheeks, and nose.

  1. Are Milialar Contagious?

No, Milialar are not contagious. They are not caused by bacteria, viruses, or fungi, so you cannot transmit them to others through direct contact.

  1. Who is Most Prone to Developing Milialar?

Milialar can affect people of all ages, but they are more common in newborns and infants (neonatal Milialar). However, they can also occur in adults due to various factors like skin damage, clogged pores, or genetics.

  1. Are Milialar Painful?

Milialar are typically not painful. They are usually painless cysts filled with keratin and sebum. However, in some cases, secondary Milialar can be associated with underlying skin conditions that may cause discomfort.

  1. Can I Pop or Squeeze Milialar at Home?

It is not recommended to attempt to pop or squeeze Milialar at home. Doing so can lead to infection, scarring, or further irritation. If you want Milialar removed, it’s best to consult a dermatologist for safe extraction.

  1. How Are Milialar Diagnosed?

Milialar are usually diagnosed through a visual examination by a dermatologist or healthcare provider. In some cases, a biopsy may be performed to confirm the diagnosis, although this is rare.

  1. What Causes Milialar in Newborns?

Neonatal Milialar in newborns is believed to be caused by immature sweat ducts that do not yet function properly. These tiny cysts typically disappear on their own within a few weeks to months.

  1. Can Milialar Be Prevented?

While Milialar cannot always be prevented, you can reduce your risk by using non-comedogenic skincare products, practicing gentle exfoliation, protecting your skin from sun damage with sunscreen, and maintaining proper facial hygiene.

  1. Do Milialar Ever Go Away on Their Own?

Yes, in many cases, Milialar will resolve on their own over time. However, this can take weeks to months. If you want to expedite their removal or if they persist, consult a dermatologist for treatment options.

  1. What Are the Treatment Options for Milialar?

Extraction by a dermatologist: Dermatologists can safely remove Milialar using specialized tools. – Topical retinoids: Prescription-strength creams like tretinoin can help accelerate skin cell turnover. – Chemical peels: These can exfoliate the skin and encourage Milialar removal. – Microdermabrasion: A non-invasive procedure that can help remove Milialar. – Cryotherapy: Freezing Milialar with liquid nitrogen can be used in some cases.

  1. Can Milialar Come Back After Treatment?

Milialar can potentially return after treatment, especially if the underlying causes, such as using pore-clogging skincare products, are not addressed. Maintaining a proper skincare routine can help prevent their recurrence.

  1. Are Milialar a Sign of a More Serious Skin Condition?

Milialar are generally not a sign of a serious skin condition. However, if you are concerned about Milialar or if they are associated with other skin issues, it’s advisable to consult a dermatologist for a thorough evaluation.

  1. Can Makeup Cover Milialar?

Yes, makeup can be used to cover Milialar temporarily. However, it’s essential to use non-comedogenic makeup products to avoid exacerbating the condition.

  1. Can Milialar be Treated at Home?

Home remedies for Milialar are generally not recommended due to the risk of infection and scarring. It’s best to seek professional advice from a dermatologist for safe and effective treatment options.

  1. Are Milialar and Acne the Same Thing?

No, Milialar and acne are not the same. Acne involves the inflammation of hair follicles and sebaceous glands, resulting in pimples, blackheads, and whiteheads. Milialar, on the other hand, are cysts filled with keratin and sebum that do not involve hair follicles or sebaceous glands.

Alison Taylor

Myself Alison Taylor. I am admin of For any business query, you can contact me at